Our Impact

Our impact so far illustrates our success in improving the health of the people of Wessex and the quality and cost-effectiveness of health care.


CLAHRC Wessex Qualitative Support Group

18 March 2019

“The idea of the qualitative support group was initiated by Dr Kinda Ibrahim who felt that establishing a peer support network for members within CLAHRC Wessex and the wider University could be helpful to facilitate the use and development of qualitative research in health, illness and care. 
This group has been massively supported by CLAHRC central team and Professors Cathy Pope and prof Anne Rogers.
The goal of this group is to encourage an intellectually dynamic yet supportive atmosphere for debate and discussion that examines the place of qualitative research in health research, its core concepts and methods.
The group meets every 2-3 months to share experience and research and are looking to possibly organise training workshops to staff, postgraduate and undergraduate candidates who are conducting or interested in conducting qualitative research. The agenda of this group is driven by its members and their interests and needs.
Dr Teresa Corbett suggested starting a “Qualitative journal club” to form the basis of the discussion in our group and has recently put a call out for recommendations for a “MUST READ LIST” for qualitative researchers on Twitter. The response was fantastic with over 50 replies. Many of those who replied on Twitter asked us to share the list with them once it was compiled.
So we have decided to build this dedicated resource to help and advise people”.

We have also started building up a resource that to be shared so that we can look up the best person(s) within our group that could help, advise, and support. If you would like to add your details, please click here 

If you would like to know more about the group or interested in joining in please email Dr Kinda Ibrahim K.ibrahim@soton.ac.uk 

Must read list for Qualitative researchers published by CLAHRC Wessex Qualitative Support Group

Challenges in qualitative research 

        Holloway, Immy, and Les Todres. "Thinking differently: challenges in qualitative research." International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being 2.1 (2007): 12-18.

Malterud K. Qualitative research: standards, challenges, and guidelines. The lancet. 2001 Aug 11;358(9280):483-8.

Hennessy, M., Hunter, A., Healy, P., Galvin, S. and Houghton, C. (2018) Commentary | Improving trial recruitment processes: how qualitative methodologies can be used to address the top 10 research priorities identified within the PRioRiTy study. Trials. 19:584. doi: 10.1186/s13063-018-2964-1

Houghton, C., Casey, D., Shaw, D. and Murphy, K. (2010) Ethical Challenges in Qualitative Research: Examples from Practice. Nurse Researcher. 18(1), 15-25. http://dx.doi.org/10.7748/nr2010.

Khankeh, H., Ranjbar, M., Khorasani-Zavareh, D., Zargham-Boroujeni, A., & Johansson, E. (2015). Challenges in conducting qualitative research in health: A conceptual paper. Iranian journal of nursing and midwifery research, 20(6), 635.

Potter, J., & Hepburn, A. (2012). Eight challenges for interview researchers. Handbook of interview research, 555-570. 

Tinati, R., Halford, S., Carr, L., & Pope, C. (2014). Big Data: methodological challenges and approaches for sociological analysisSociology48(4), 663-681. DOI: 10.1177/0038038513511561

Calman L, Brunton L, Molassiotis A. Developing longitudinal qualitative designs: lessons learned and recommendations for health services research. BMC Medical Research Methodology. 2013;13(1):14. https://bmcmedresmethodol.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1471-2288-13-14

Quality in qualitative research

Barbour RS (2001) Checklists for improving rigour in qualitative research: a case of the tail wagging the dog? British Medical Journal 322: 1115–7

Creswell, J. W., & Miller, D. L. (2000). Determining validity in qualitative inquiry. Theory into practice39(3), 124-130.https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1207/s15430421tip3903_2

Eakin, J. M., & Mykhalovskiy, E. (2003). Reframing the evaluation of qualitative health research: reflections on a review of appraisal guidelines in the health sciences. Journal of evaluation in clinical practice9(2), 187-194. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/pdf/10.1046/j.1365-2753.2003.00392.x

Godfrey, M. (2015). Qualitative research in age and ageing: enhancing understanding of ageing, health and illness.https://academic.oup.com/ageing/article/44/5/726/52601

Greenhalgh, T., & Taylor, R. (1997). How to read a paper: papers that go beyond numbers (qualitative research). BMj, 315(7110), 740-743

Hammersley, M. (2007). The issue of quality in qualitative research. International Journal of Research & Method in Education30(3), 287-305.https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/17437270701614782

Mays N, Pope C (2000) Assessing quality in qualitative research. British Medical Journal 320: 50–2

Murphy, K. and Casey, D. (2009) Issues in using methodological triangulation. Nurse Researcher. 16(4), 40-56. http://dx.doi.org/10.7748/nr2009.

O’Brien, B. C., Harris, I. B., Beckman, T. J., Reed, D. A., & Cook, D. A. (2014). Standards for reporting qualitative research: a synthesis of recommendations. Academic Medicine89(9), 1245-1251.

O’Cathain, A., Murphy, E., & Nicholl, J. (2008). The quality of mixed methods studies in health services research. Journal of Health Services Research & Policy13(2), 92-98.

Popay, J., Rogers, A., & Williams, G. (1998). "Rationale and standards for the systematic review of qualitative literature in health services research. "Qualitative Health Research. 8(3), 341-351.

Richardson, J. C., & Liddle, J. (2017). Where does good quality qualitative health care research get published? Primary health care research & development, 18(5), 515-521.

Seale, C., & Silverman, D. (1997). Ensuring rigour in qualitative research. The European Journal of Public Health7(4), 379-384.

Smith, B., & McGannon, K. R. (2018). Developing rigor in qualitative research: Problems and opportunities within sport and exercise psychology. International review of sport and exercise psychology11(1), 101-121.https://bit.ly/2AB6Xkf

Tong, A., Sainsbury, P., & Craig, J. (2007). Consolidated criteria for reporting qualitative research (COREQ): a 32-item checklist for interviews and focus groups. International journal for quality in health care19(6), 349-357.

Tracy, S. J. (2010). Qualitative quality: Eight “big-tent” criteria for excellent qualitative research. Qualitative inquiry16(10), 837-851. https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/pdf/10.1177/1077800410383121

Yardley, L. (2000). Dilemmas in qualitative health research. Psychology and health15(2), 215-228. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/08870440008400302

Analysis and methodology papers 

Data collection

Casey, D. and Murphy, K. (2014) Using focus groups to interview persons with moderate and severe dementia. Current Nursing Journal. 1(1), 23-29. http://www.intermedcentral.hk/index.php?journal=Nursing&page=article


Arksey H, Knight P. Interviewing for social scientists: an introductory resource with examples.Thousand Oaks (CA): Sage Publications; 1999

Kvale, S. (2003). The psychoanalytic interview as inspiration for qualitative research. Qualitative research in psychology: Expanding perspectives in methodology and design, 275-297. http://psy.au.dk/fileadmin/Psykologi/Forskning/Kvalitativ_metodeudvikling/NB30/steinar_pta.pdf

Meskell, P., Murphy, K., Shaw, D. and Casey, D. (2014) Insights into the use and complexities of policy Delphi technique. Nurse Researcher. 21(3), 32-39. http://dx.doi.org/10.7748/nr2014.

Ogden R. Bias. In: Given LM, editor. The Sage encyclopedia of qualitative research methods. Thousand Oaks (CA): Sage Publications Inc; 2008. pp. 61–2.

Analysis and theory 

Braun, V., & Clarke, V. (2006). Using thematic analysis in psychology. Qualitative research in psychology3(2), 77-101.https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1191/1478088706qp063oa

Braun, V., & Clarke, V. (2014). What can “thematic analysis” offer health and wellbeing researchers?. International journal of qualitative studies on health and well-being9.

Casey, D. and Houghton, C. (2010) Clarifying case study research: examples from practice. Nurse Researcher. 17(3), 41-51. http://dx.doi.org/10.7748/nr2010.

Tuckett, A. G. (2005) Applying thematic analysis theory to practice: A researcher’s experience. Contemporary Nurse, 19, 75-87

Farnsworth J, Boon B. Analysing group dynamics within the focus group. Qual Res. 2010;10(5):605–24. 

Grossoehme, D., & Lipstein, E. (2016). Analyzing longitudinal qualitative data: the application of trajectory and recurrent cross-sectional approaches. BMC research notes9(1), 136. https://bmcresnotes.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s13104-016-1954-1

Heron, J., & Reason, P. (1997). A participatory inquiry paradigm. Qualitative inquiry3(3), 274-294.https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/pdf/10.1177/107780049700300302

Scotland, J. (2012). Exploring the philosophical underpinnings of research: Relating ontology and epistemology to the methodology and methods of the scientific, interpretive, and critical research paradigms. English Language Teaching5(9), 9. https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/EJ1080001.pdf

Smith JA, Jarman M, Osborn M. Doing interpretative phenomenological analysis. In: Murray M, Chamberlain K, editors. Qualitative health psychology: theories and methods. London (UK): Sage Publications; 1999. pp. 218–40.

Smith JA. Beyond the divide between cognition and discourse: using interpretative phenomenological analysis in health psychology. Psychol Health. 1996;11(2):261–71. doi: 10.1080/08870449608400256.

Drabble SJ, O’Cathain A, Thomas KJ, Rudolph A, Hewison J. Describing qualitative research undertaken with randomised controlled trials in grant proposals: a documentary analysis. BMC Medical Research Methodology. 2014;14:24. doi:10.1186/1471-2288-14-24.

Reeves S, Albert M, Kuper A, Hodges BD. Why use theories in qualitative research. Bmj. 2008 Sep 13;337(7670):631-4.

Hussey, S., Hoddinott, P., Wilson, P., Dowell, J., & Barbour, R. (2004). Sickness certification system in the United Kingdom: qualitative study of views of general practitioners in Scotland. BMJ (Clinical research ed.)328(7431), 88. (check The supplementary file)


Teaching qualitative methods and student learning

Atkinson, P., & Pugsley, L. (2005). Making sense of ethnography and medical education. Medical education39(2), 228-234. 

Clarke, V., & Braun, V. (2013). Teaching thematic analysis: Overcoming challenges and developing strategies for effective learning. The psychologist26(2), 120-123.

Daly J, Willis K, Small R et al. (2007) A hierarchy of evidence for assessing qualitative health research. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology 60: 43–9

Drisko, J. W. (2016). Teaching qualitative research: Key content, course structures, and recommendations. Qualitative Social Work15(3), 307–321. https://doi.org/10.1177/1473325015617522

Hazzan, O., & Nutov, L. (2014). Teaching and Learning Qualitative Research ≈ Conducting Qualitative Research.The QualitativeReport,19(24), 1-29. Retrieved fromhttp://nsuworks.nova.edu/tqr/vol19/iss24/3

Michael A. Forrester & Gina Z. Koutsopoulou. Providing Resources for Enhancing the Teaching of Qualitative Methods at the Undergraduate Level: Current Practices and the Work of the HEA Psychology Network Group. Qualitative Research in Psychology, 5:3, 173-178, DOI: 10.1080/14780880802314312 To link to this article: https://doi.org/10.1080/14780880802314312

Books (and book chapters)

Primary sources

Gouldner, A. W. (1954). Wildcat strike.

Whyte, W. F. (2012). Street corner society: The social structure of an Italian slum. University of Chicago Press.

Willis, P. (2017). Learning to labour: How working class kids get working class jobs. Routledge.

Introductory texts and synthesis guides

Braun, V., & Clarke, V. (2013). Successful qualitative research: A practical guide for beginners. sage.

Breakwell GM, Hammond S, Fife-Schaw C. Research methods in psychology. Thousand Oaks (CA): Sage Publications; 1995. 

Brodsky, A. E. (2008). Researcher as instrument. The Sage encyclopedia of qualitative research methods2, 766. 

Corbin, J. and Strauss, A., 2008. Basics of qualitative research: Techniques and procedures for developing grounded theory.

Charmaz, K. (2014). Constructing grounded theory. Sage.

Creswell, J. (2012). Qualitative inquiry and research design: Choosing among five approaches (3rd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. Paperback, 472 pp.  ISBN: 9781412995306.

Creswell, John (2008). Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Approaches. Sage.

Crotty, M. (1998). The foundations of social research: Meaning and perspective in the research process. Sage.

Geertz, C. (1973). The Interpretation of Cultures. Selected essays by Clifford Geertz. New Vork: Basic Book. Inc., Publishers, 328. http://web.mit.edu/allanmc/www/geertz.pdf

Given, L. M., ed. (2008). The Sage Encyclopedia of Qualitative Research Methods.  

Green, J., & Thorogood, N. (2018). Qualitative methods for health research. Sage.

Guest G, Namey EE, Mitchel ML. Collecting qualitative data: a field manual for applied research. Thousand Oaks (CA): Sage Publications; 2013.

Hammersley M, Atkinson P. Ethnography: principles in practice. London (UK): Taylor and Francis; 2007.

Guest, G., MacQueen, K. M. & Namey, E. E. (2012) Applied thematic analysis. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Marshall, Catherine & Rossman, Gretchen B. (1998). Designing Qualitative Research. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. 

Maxwell, J. A. (2012). A realist approach for qualitative research. Sage.

Miles B, Huberman AM. Qualitative data analysis. Thousand Oaks (CA): Sage Publications; 2009. 

Packer, M. J. (2017). The science of qualitative research. Cambridge University Press. 

Ritchie, J., Lewis, J., Nicholls, C. M., & Ormston, R. (Eds.). (2013). Qualitative research practice: A guide for social science students and researchers. sage. https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/4034/6f0103feca347088167da2f9b847e317d7cc.pdf

Saldaña, J. (2015). The coding manual for qualitative researchers. Sage.https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Mohammed_Ishaq4/post/Tips_and_guidelines_for_qualitative_coding_and_text_analysis_using_Nvivo/attachment/5ab9f2ffb53d2f0bba5a8440/AS%3A608695847231489%401522135807434/download/Saldana+-+2013+-+The+Coding+Manual+for+Qualitative+Researchers%282%29.pdf

Smith, J. A. (Ed.). (2015). Qualitative psychology: A practical guide to research methods. Sage.

Smith, J. A Flowers, P., & Larkin, M. (2009). Interpretative phenomenological analysis: Theory, method and research.

Stake, R. E. (2013). Multiple case study analysis. Guilford Press. 

Strauss AL, Corbin J. Basics of qualitative research: grounded theory procedures and techniques.Thousand Oaks (CA): Sage Publications; 1998.

Willig, C. (2013). Introducing qualitative research in psychology. McGraw-Hill Education (UK).

Book chapters

Pope C, Mays N. Qualitative Methods in Health and Health Services Research. In: Mays N, Pope N, editors. BMJ. London: Qualitative Research in Health Care; 1996.

Pope, C., Mays, N., & Popay, J. (2007). Synthesizing qualitative and quantitative health research: a guide to methods. UK: Open University.

Pope, C., & Mays, N. (2006). Observational methods. In C. Pope, & N. Mays (Eds.), Qualitative Research in Health Care, 3rd Edition (pp. 32-42). UK: Blackwell.

Pope, C., & Mays, N. (2006). Qualitative methods in health research. In C. Pope, & N. Mays (Eds.), Qualitative Research in Health Care, 3rd Edition (pp. 1-11). UK: Blackwell.

Mays, N., & Pope, C. (2006). Quality in qualitative health research. In C. Pope, & N. Mays (Eds.), Qualitative Research in Health Care, 3rd Edition (pp. 82-101). UK: Blackwell.

Pope, C., & Mays, N. (2006). Synthesising qualitative research. In C. Pope, & N. Mays (Eds.), Qualitative Research in Health Care, 3rd Edition (pp. 142-156). UK: Blackwell.

Layder D. Sociological practice: Linking theory and social research. Sage; 1998 Oct 16. 

Papers on qualitative synthesis

France, E. F., Ring, N., Uny, I., Duncan, E. A. S., Jepson, R. G., Maxwell, M., ... Vanstone, M. (2019). Improving reporting of meta-ethnography: The eMERGe Reporting GuidanceJournal of Advanced Nursing. DOI: 10.1002/pon.4915

Pope, C., Mays, N., & Popay, J. (2006). How can we synthesize qualitative and quantitative evidence for healthcare policy-makers and managers? Healthcare Management FORUM Gestion des soins de santé, 27-31.

Online resources

Thematic analysis (TA) resource and information pages  https://www.psych.auckland.ac.nz/en/about/our-research/research-groups/thematic-analysis.html

The Person-Based Approach (PBA) https://www.personbasedapproach.org/



Qualitative Research in Psychology (Journal)https://www.tandfonline.com/action/showAxaArticles?journalCode=uqrp20

The Qualitative Report (TQR)include links to many online resources

1-    The Qualitative Report Guide to Qualitative Research Websiteshttps://tqr.nova.edu/websites/  

2-    The Qualitative Report Guide to Qualitative Research Textual Resourceshttps://tqr.nova.edu/textual-resources/ 

3-    Teaching qualitative research https://cpb-us-e1.wpmucdn.com/sites.nova.edu/dist/a/4/files/2018/11/A-Compendium-of-Teaching-and-Learning-Qualitative-Research-Resources-112918-2glcb4d.pdf